In the 21st century, a new type of electronic material called "organic electronics" was prized by three scientists and received the attention of major countries in the world. In 2000, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Americans Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid, and Japanese Hideki Shirakawa. In a few short years, a large number of new products and new applications based on organic electronics have emerged. At present, organic electronics technology is still in the early stage of development. Some key technologies have yet to be broken. However, their unparalleled advantages and wide application prospects will bring another profound impact on the information industry and the entire economy and society. huge.

Status Quo of Organic Electronic Industry Development (1) The Organic Electronic Industry Technology is highly valued 1. Countries and regions attach great importance to the development of organic electronics, have laid out their own development strategies and increased investment.

European countries generally accelerate the research process with the model of cooperation between research institutions and industry. The Poly Apply and Shift plans are two of the key projects, with a research funding of more than 35 million Euros, and the development of polymers and flexible circuit packaging and linking technologies that can be applied to various fields.

Research institutions and companies in the United States began to conduct related research since the 1990s. Bell Labs, IBM, SiPix, and Universal Display have achieved remarkable results in organic transistors, light-emitting diodes, display devices, and electronic paper.

Japan has invested heavily in thin film displays. Japan has established organic semiconductor light-emitting device research and development bases and organic electronics research institutes. At the same time, the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has invested approximately 4 billion yen for the development of organic display projects within five years from 2002.

South Korea will make great efforts to develop the organic electronics industry as an important national policy. It is a typical country-led behavior. In organic light-emitting display technology, South Korea strives to occupy a global leading position in this field. In the 10 years since 2001, the Korean government has invested 3 billion won per year for research and development in this area. In 2009 alone, the research and development funding exceeded 200 million U.S. dollars, far exceeding that of the United Kingdom, the United States, and Japan. The Korea Ministry of Knowledge Economy and the Ministry of Education and Science and Technology organized a number of research institutes, universities and electronics manufacturers to work together on the research and development of OLEDs, organic transistors and printed electronic equipment, and obtained a number of patents and achievements.

From 2003, Taiwan in China began to focus on research and development of organic electronics. In 2005, the “Soft Electronics Industry Promotion Alliance” was established, and it was designated as one of the next three major new technologies for development. The main direction is printed RFID, flexible Displays and organic solar cells.

The United Kingdom has conducted many frontier researches in the field of organic electronics. The United Kingdom established a flexible electronic leadership group to organize, support and guide relevant departments, companies and research institutions to conduct related research. In 2009, the British government introduced "Plastics Electronics: UK's Strategy for Success" and invested 28 million pounds to support research in this area. The strategy is one of the UK's priorities for the development of advanced manufacturing, and the development of advanced manufacturing is one of the four priority development areas in the economic recovery strategy plan of the “New Industry New Profession” that the UK has previously introduced.

2. China’s support for organic electronics continues to increase, and technology and international leadership are closer.

Under the global wave of organic electronics technology, China has realized the strategic significance of organic electronics, and continuously increased its emphasis and increased support.

In scientific research, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Organic Optoelectronics and Molecular Laboratory, Hong Kong Institute of Molecular Functional Materials, Laboratory of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (Material), Suzhou University, Key Laboratory of Organic Electronics and Information Display of Jiangsu Province, Universities such as Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications and scientific research institutions conduct in-depth research in materials, devices, equipment, and applications. The state has invested special funds to support relevant research. In 2006, the "Organic TFT Device Research" project undertaken by the Chinese Academy of Sciences passed the acceptance test and achieved breakthroughs in display device processing, organic film preparation, and material synthesis. The overall performance index of the OTFT (Organic Thin Film Transistor) technology prepared by the full photolithography process is higher than that of the OTFT that has been published in the same international photolithography process.

In terms of industrialization, Jiangsu, Guangdong, and other provinces have achieved certain achievements on the basis of existing industries, such as Longteng Optoelectronics, Visionox, Fangsheng Optoelectronics, Rainbow, and other enterprises, which have R&D and production capabilities in the OLED field.

(B) The emergence of organic electronics applications. In the field of organic display, OLEDs (Organic Light Emitting Diodes) have risen in power consumption because they do not require a backlighting system, and have a higher brightness than LCDs. Due to the use of organic materials, the manufacturing process is simpler and the field of view is wider. Larger size. These outstanding advantages determine that OLED will become the mainstream of next-generation display technologies.

At present, OLED has been widely used in some small devices such as mobile phones, palmtop computers, and digital cameras. With the advancement of technology research and development, the application scope of OLED will gradually expand to flat panel displays, automotive dashboards, and flexible displays.

Samsung is the world leader in OLED display. At present, Samsung has built several low-generation OLED production lines, and has taken the lead in the application of some consumer electronics products, bringing them rich returns. Samsung plans to build a new 8-generation OLED production line in the near future. By that time, it will be able to mass-produce large-screen TVs with a size of more than 40 inches.

In addition, electronic ink technology has also been widely used in electronic readers, such as e-books and other fields.

2. The field of organic lighting is poised for high efficiency in organic electroluminescent lighting. At present, the incandescent lamp has a luminous efficiency of only 6 lumens/watt, a fluorescent lamp of 24 lumens/watt, an energy-saving lamp of 48 lumens/watt, and an LED of 74 lumens/watt. In the field of organic lighting, OSRAM has developed OEL (Organic Electro Luminescence) technology with an illumination efficiency of 87 lumens/Watt. The lighting technology developed by Dresden University of Technology in Germany has reached 90 lumens/W. In addition, the United States and the European Union have also stepped up research in this area and have developed OEL lighting products that have a life expectancy of 10,000 hours and energy efficiency of 50 lumens per watt or more.

3. The emergence of organic thin film transistors has become increasingly clear based on the development of printed organic RFID, making it possible to use mass-to-roll (R2R) printing technology to mass produce organic RFID tags. Compared with inorganic labels, it has obvious advantages in terms of production cost, product elasticity, and power consumption. Printed organic electronics will likely become the most appropriate technology development route for RFID products.

4. The rapid progress of organic solar cells has made Organic Photovoltaic (OPV), which can be “printed” on a variety of material surfaces, a low-cost, easy-to-manufacture, light-weight, and bendable feature that has become a hot topic of research. Research and application in the field of OPV are continuing to break through. German Siemens researchers have combined conductive plastics with carbon 60 molecules to create new types of solar cells. Scientists at Bell Labs in the United States used pentacene to replace silicon in solar cells and succeeded. In 2010, Solarm Energy announced a new record of its battery efficiency, with a conversion rate of 8.13% that has been certified by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). OPV is expected to become a cost-effective and competitive technology.

Prospects for the organic electronics industry (1) The advantages of organic electronics technology are obvious 1. Superior performance Because organic electronic materials are easily processed into thin films and have good extension characteristics, the emergence of organic electronic materials will inevitably lead to the emergence of flexible electronic products, and better meet the needs of modern electronic products such as thinness, portability, and ease of design. Compared with traditional silicon-based semiconductor materials, the advantages of product characteristics of organic electronic materials can be summarized as: large-area manufacturing, good flexibility, good transparency, ultra-thin, and light weight.

2. Low cost Organic electronics manufacturing process is relatively simple and production costs are lower. Organic materials can be spin-coated and printed on large areas using solutions. At the same time, organic materials can be produced at lower temperatures, and plastic substrates with poor heat resistance can be selected, which can reduce production costs.

3. Smaller investment Due to the use of organic materials, the production process is relatively simplified, unit costs and equipment investment are lower, and the entry threshold and investment risks are greatly reduced. For example, the scale of OLED investment is about tens of millions of dollars, which is only about 10% of the TFT-LCD production line. Another example is that Intel needs to spend billions of dollars to build its leading fab. In contrast, it only needs US$100 million to US$200 million in investment, and it is possible to build a full-scale production capacity. Organic electronics factory.

4. The advantages of energy saving and environmental protection organic electronic products are significant. Taking lighting and display comparison as an example, when an incandescent lamp is working, only 5% of the energy is actually used for lighting, and the OLED light source can save more than 70% of the power consumption compared with the traditional incandescent lamp. A 29-inch CRT TV has a power consumption of about 200 watts, a 40-inch TFT-LCD TV has a power consumption of about 200 watts, and a 50-inch PDP has a power consumption of more than 500 watts. And a 40-inch large-size AM-OLED TV will consume less than 100 watts. Therefore, OLED is considered as one of the most promising display technologies.

In terms of environmental protection, the manufacturing process of organic electronics is much superior to traditional semiconductor growth and lithography manufacturing processes, which greatly saves the use of water and electricity. At the same time, it also avoids the discharge of large amounts of strong acid and alkali chemicals.

(II) The huge space for industrial development In the next 10 years, it will be a period of rapid development of the organic electronics industry. The application fields of organic semiconductors and organic electronic products will become more and more extensive, and the market scale will become larger and larger. The following is the forecast of the integrated iSuppli, Nano Markets, ID TechEx, Taiwan ITRI and other institutions, the future market size of the major areas of organic electronics.

OEL lighting market size. It will reach 15 billion U.S. dollars by 2015 and 50 billion U.S. dollars by 2020.

OLED display market size. In 2015, it will reach more than 60 billion U.S. dollars and in 2020 it will reach 150 billion U.S. dollars.

Organic RFID market size. It will reach 15 billion U.S. dollars by 2015 and 30 billion U.S. dollars by 2020.

Organic solar cell market size. It will reach 10 billion U.S. dollars by 2015 and 30 billion U.S. dollars by 2020.

Printing and other equipment market size. It is expected to reach 4 billion U.S. dollars by 2015 and 12 billion U.S. dollars by 2020.

Other application products market. By 2015, the market size of other electronic products based on organic semiconductor materials such as smart sensors, toys, batteries, clothing, medical electronics, etc. is expected to reach a scale of more than US$5 billion.

(3) Organic electronics may develop into the leading role in the information industry. Traditional Semiconductor Materials and Technologies Face Challenges Current traditional electronic devices based on silicon, germanium and other semiconductor materials will be severely challenged. These challenges include both physical and technical limitations. First, the product's shape is fixed, fragile, and non-flexible, and it is difficult to meet future demand trends. Second, the production cost of silicon crystals is very expensive and the competitive advantage is not easy to sustain. Third, the traditional single-crystal silicon semiconductor production process and process is too complicated. Fourth, silicon semiconductors are beginning to face the physical limits of linewidth.

2. Organic Electronics Accelerates Substitution Processes for Silicon-Based Electronics According to relevant investigations, research and development in the field of organic electronics are currently active in the world, and organic electronics technology is rapidly advancing. It is expected that the next few years will be an accelerated period for breakthroughs in organic electronics and industrialization. People in the industry believe that organic electronics will go further than silicon-based electronics, and its alternative to silicon-based electronics is clear.

Speed ​​up the development of organic electronics industry 1. Accelerate the establishment of the organic electronics industry alliance. The organic electronics industry alliance formed by industry associations, research institutes, and enterprises will be organized to jointly promote the development of organic electronic technologies, standards, patents, and industrialization.

2. Accelerate the formulation of the development plan for the organic electronics industry. The organic electronics industry has been identified as an industry that China has focused on fostering and developing, and special plans have been formulated in accordance with the requirements for the development of strategic emerging industries.

3. Establish a national support mechanism. Efforts are made to support the research and development of major key technologies and the development of major industrial innovations. Encourage and guide financial capital to support the industrialization of organic electronics companies.

4. Strengthen international cooperation. Some international research institutions and companies have been on the path of organic electronics research and development for more than 10 years. Some R&D achievements are close to industrialization, and a group of organic electronics professionals have also been cultivated. China must strengthen cooperation with relevant international organizations and enterprises and accelerate the progress of technological progress and industrialization.

5. Accelerate the introduction and training of organic electronics professionals. Accelerate the training of professional talents, study and formulate and implement personnel incentive policies and systems, and create an environment conducive to the introduction and development of various talents.